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Approaches to EV Infrastructure: A Primer for Community Leaders, Planners and Elected Officials

EV Readiness ImageElectric vehicles (EVs) are part of the future of the automobile industry and a key innovation in transportation technology and manufacturing in the 21st Century. Our state pioneered the auto industry and now stands at the forefront of its future. Yet, the growth of this industry will only happen if the market for electric vehicles strengthens. Michigan leaders can help support this new industry sector by planning for EV infrastructure.

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Electric Vehicles Are Paying Their Way

Transportation RevenueSome policymakers are now arguing for additional taxes on electric vehicles because they presumably benefit from “free--‐use” of the roads, a result of their not contributing to gas taxes. The following analysis explores the facts about road funding in Michigan and presents the case that a tax on electric vehicles would do little more than potentially stifle an emerging market.

 

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Electric Vehicles & Michigan Manufacturing

Chevy VoltFor over 100 years, Michigan was at the center of the automotive industry, forging a legacy that spanned the globe. However, the recent economic recession has required Michigan’s most renowned industry to reinvent itself. Similarly, new fuel economy standards and consumer concerns about gasoline prices have presented challenges as well as opportunities for Michigan’s automakers. Fortunately, Michigan is well on its way in building the connection from its deep automotive past into an electrifying future.

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Electric Vehicles & Climate Change

State of Charge mapSkeptics sometimes argue that plug-in electric vehicles (EVs, for short) simply shift the emissions source from the tailpipe to the smokestacks. However, the inherent efficiency advantages of electricity over internal combustion still generally make EVs a better environmental choice, and an even better long- term solution to promote energy security, combat climate change, and improve air quality. And, unlike conventional vehicles, EVs also become greener as energy production technology for electricity continues to improve. As a result, the environmental footprint from driving an EV will continue to decline as we transition to cleaner, renewable energy sources like wind, solar, and biomass. 

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